Some of the distant origins of World War I can be seen in the results and consequences of the in 1870–71 and the concurrent . Germany had won decisively and established a powerful , while France fell into chaos and military decline for years. A legacy of animosity grew between France and Germany following the German annexation of . The annexation caused widespread resentment in France, giving rise to the desire for revenge, known as . French sentiments wanted to avenge military and territorial losses and the displacement of France as the pre-eminent continental military power. Bismarck was wary of French desire for revenge; he achieved peace by isolating France and balancing the ambitions of Austria-Hungary and Russia in the Balkans. During his later years he tried to placate the French by encouraging their overseas expansion. However, anti-German sentiment remained.
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territory. Therefore the colonial rivalry was a long standing development of the war, caused the basis for alliance systems and therefore turned an otherwise local war into a world one. Germany’s rise to power and her Weltpolitik was also a long term cause for the war. As a result of industrial strength and an excellent army, Germany quickly rose among the European powers. The Franco-Prussian War (1871), which Germany won, made sure that Germany became a major power in…